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Usually, companies sell a portion of their ownership to the public in exchange for money. Investors purchase a share of the ownership by buying shares of the company. They then become a shareholder. Company stocks are called equities.

Equities are traded on the stock market. These could be in the primary or secondary market. In the primary market, companies get listed through an Initial Public Offering. Thus, new securities are available in the primary market. In the secondary market, investors buy or sell securities, which have already been issued. Currently, more than 1300 securities are available for equity trading on the National Stock Exchange (NSE) and over 6000 on Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE).

You need a demat account before you start to trade on India’s stock exchanges.

How to trade in equities?

Equity trading is very simple. All you need to do is purchase shares of a company. To do so, you need a demat and an equity trading account. You will then have to link this trading account to your savings bank account to transfer money easily for the purchase of equities.

Why invest in equities

Simple saving money and keeping it aside does not help too.

Here’s why you should invest in the stock market:




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Attention Investors

  1. Prevent Unauthorized Transactions in your account. Update your Mobile Numbers/Email IDs with your stock brokers. Receive information of your transactions directly from the Exchange on your Mobile/Email at the end of the day.
  2. Prevent Unauthorized Transactions in your demat account. Update your Mobile Number with your Depository Participant. Receive alerts on your Registered Mobile for all debit and other important transactions in your demat account directly from CDSL on the same day. (Issued in the interest of Investors)
  3. KYC is one-time exercise while dealing in securities markets - once KYC is done through a SEBI-registered intermediary (Broker, DP, Mutual Fund, etc.), you need not undergo the same process again when you approach another intermediary.
  4. Investors need not issue cheques while subscribing to IPO. Just write the bank account number and sign in the application form to authorize your bank to make payment in case of allotment. No worries regarding refund since the money remains in investor's account.
  5. Stock Brokers can accept securities as margin from clients only by way of pledge in the depository system w.e.f. September 1, 2020.
  6. Update your Mobile Number and Email id with your stock broker/depository participant and receive OTP directly from the depository on your Email id and/or Mobile Number to create pledge.
  7. Pay 20% upfront margin of the transaction value to trade in cash market segment.
  8. Investors may please refer to the Exchange's Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) issued vide circular reference NSE/INSP/45191 dated July 31, 2020, and NSE/INSP/45534 dated August 31, 2020, and other guidelines issued from time to time in this regard.
  9. Check your Securities/MF/Bonds in the consolidated account statement issued by NSDL/CDSL every month.